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Bacterial Infections


Fin, tail or body rot

Fin, tail or body rot generally attack the fins and body, this leads to ulcerations. Shredding and blood streaks also appear in fin rays.

You can treat this infection using antibiotics such as, acriflavine or chloramphenicol, others are available, but please check carefully.

Furan, nifurpyrinol and other types of compounds can be used but can be dangerous to humans if used for long periods, so you need to check the correct levels are used and stick to it.†


Mouth fungus

Mouth fungus is a whitish growth, itís a bacteria and not a fungus as the name suggests, and it attacks the mouth and then continues to the jaw bone and cheek areas.

The disease can be treated the same way as fin, tail or body rot.



Bacteraemia (mild) or Septicaemia (acute)

Bacteraemia (mild) or Septicaemia (acute) appears in the form of blood spots, ulcers, the fraying of fins and pop eye.

They can appear on fish individually or a combination of any of the above.

The treatment all depends on how severe the disease has got. Treatment can be in the form of tetracycline, chloramphenicol, or oxolinic acid; you need to find out the right dosage before carrying out any of the above.

Antibiotics can be administered by way of injection, this must be carried out be a vet.


Body or Ulcer disease

Body or Ulcer disease is more commonly known as ďhole in the headĒ. They can be found on the head and body in the form of a circle.

This can be treated with tetracycline, chloramphenicol or sulphonamides (furan based) the same as fin and body rot. Salt up to 3% of the volume of water in the pond can be added to help with the affected areas on the fish.

After treatment, the large infected areas need to be treated with oil based antiseptic cream, these treatments help stop the intake of water through the infected areas.


Fish T.B

Fish T.B can be one of many symptoms or a combination of exophthalmia, loss of appetite, raised scales, ulceration, frayed fins, emaciation and loss of colour and condition.

This can be transmitted to humans through open wound, so be careful when treating such conditions by using gloves etc.

There is no real cure for these conditions and you will find them hard to cure, unless it is very mild then some antibiotics may work.†



Dropsy makes the fish look like a pine cone with raised scales and a swollen abdomen.

There isnít really any cure for this disease unless a very mild case then chloramphenicol may help but you will need to seek advice, the affected fish will normally need to be disposed of.


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